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Accra, population 1,970,400 (2005), is the capital of Ghana. It is Ghana's largest city and its administrative, communications, and economic center. The chief manufactures are processed food, lumber and plywood, textiles, clothing, and chemicals. Accra is located at 5°30' North, 0°10' West (5.5, -0.1667). [1] It sits in the Accra Metropolis District, in the Greater Accra Region.
Location of Accra
Location of Accra
Accra was founded by the Ga people in the 15th century as a centre for trade with the Portuguese, who built a fort in the town, followed by the Swedish, Dutch, French, British and Danish by the end of the seventeenth century.The site of present-day Accra developed into a sizable town around British, Danish and Dutch forts: Jamestown the British district, Osu the Danish and Ussherstown the Dutch, the three areas forming the core of the modern city.At the end of the British-Asante Wars, Accra became the capital of the British Gold Coast colony. After the completion of a railroad to the mining and agricultural hinterland, Accra became the economic center of Ghana. Large areas were destroyed by earthquakes in 1862 and 1939, but the city grew around a seaport (now relocated to Tema), and later a brewery, expanding into neighbouring towns.The Accra Riots in 1948 launched the Ghanaian campaign for independence, which led to the Ghanaian Revolution and nationhood in 1957.Accra is home to the National Museum of Ghana, the Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Archives of Ghana, and Ghana's central library. Also of note is Christianborg or Osu Castle, built by the Danes in the 17th century, the National Theatre, Accra Centre for National Culture, a lighthouse, the National Sports Stadium, the W.E.B. DuBois Memorial Centre for Pan-African Culture and several beaches.
Labadi Beach
Labadi Beach
On Accra's outskirts are Achimota Secondary School and Presby Boys' Secondary School and the country's leading secondary schools and, 13km north at Legon, the University of Ghana. The Defense Commission of the Organization of African Unity has its headquarters in Accra.Today, Accra is a transport hub, home to the Kotoka International Airport and lies on railway lines to Tema, Takoradi and Kumasi. The main harbour city, Tema is connected through the only highway in Ghana.
Downtown Accra
Downtown Accra
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