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Demographics of Botswana, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
Demographics of Botswana, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
Botswana, like many nations in southern Africa, suffers from a high AIDS infection rate, which was 38.8% for adults in 2002. In 2003, the government began a comprehensive program involving free or cheap generic anti-retroviral drugs as well as an information campaign designed to stop the spread of the virus.

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Demographic data from the CIA World Factbook

Demographic data from the CIA World Factbook - Contents

Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2005 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years: 38.8% (male 322,916/female 312,735)
15-64 years: 57.5% (male 455,183/female 487,236)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 23,914/female 38,131) (2005 est.)

Median age
Total: 19.29 years
Male: 18.64 years
Female: 19.93 years (2005 est.)

Population growth rate
0% (2005 est.)

Birth rate
23.33 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)

Death rate
29.36 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)

Net migration rate
6.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2005 est.)

Infant mortality rate
Total: 54.58 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 55.97 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 53.14 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 33.87 years
Male: 33.89 years
Female: 33.84 years (2005 est.)

Total fertility rate
2.85 children born/woman (2005 est.)

Adult prevalence rate: 37.3% (2003 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 350,000 (2003 est.)
Deaths: 33,000 (2003 est.)

Major infectious diseases
Degree of risk: high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease: malaria (2004)

Noun: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
Adjective: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)

Ethnic groups
Tswana 98%, White 2%

Christian 80%, Traditional Beliefs 20%

English (official), Setswana

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 80%
Male: 77%
Female: 82%
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