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Canada Lynx
Canada Lynx
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Lynx
Kerr, 1792
Species: Lynx lynx
Lynx canadensis
Lynx lynx carpathica
Lynx pardinus
Lynx rufus
A Lynx is any of several medium-sized wild cats. Most are members of the genus Lynx, but there is considerable confusion about the best way to classify felids at present, and some authorities classify all lynxes as part of the genus Felis.

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Appearance - Contents

Lynxes have short tails, and usually a tuft of hair on the tip of the ears. They have large paws padded for walking on snow, and long whiskers on the face. The colour of the body varies from light brown to grey and is occasionally marked with dark brown spots, especially on the limbs. They range about 5 kg or about 11 pounds (roughly the size of a large Domestic Cat) up to about 30 kg (66 pounds).

Habitat - Contents

The lynx inhabits the high altitude forests with dense cover of shrubs, reeds and grass. Though the cat hunts only on the ground, it can climb trees and swim. Though it can be found in the northern regions of Scandinavia, it is primarily found in North America and also in pockets in the Himalayas. Since the 1990s there have been numerous efforts to resettle the Eurasian Lynx in Germany. It can also be found in Białowieża Forest, in northeast Poland.Starting in 1999, the Colorado Division of Wildlife has begun a program reintroducing a wild lynx population back to the United States. The animals were trapped in Canada before being brought to the Colorado Rockies, where after being tagged with radio collars frequently migrated throughout the western United States. While showing early signs of promise, biologists say it will take more than a decade to determine whether the program is a success.

Behaviour - Contents

Lynx kitten in trees.
Lynx kitten in trees.
The Lynx is usually solitary, though a group of cats can travel and hunt together. Mating takes place in the late winter. It rests in crevices or under ledges. It gives birth to 2 to 4 kittens at a time. It feeds on birds and mammals and often on sheep and goats.
  • Eurasian Lynx, Lynx lynx or Lynx borealis
  • Canada Lynx, Lynx lynx canadensis or Lynx canadensis
  • Iberian Lynx or Spanish Lynx, Lynx pardinus
  • Bobcat, Lynx rufus
The Marbled Cat, Pardofelis marmorata, is sometimes also classified with the Lynxes. The Caracal or Desert Lynx is no very close relative of the genus Lynx, nor is the Jungle Cat, despite the fact that both species have the typical tuft of hair on their ears.Hunting lynxes is illegal in many countries.

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