Check Email | My Account | Contact Us

Search for on the web shopping
Thu, 19 May, 2022
contact us
education frontpage
a-z of references
general knowledge
plants & animals

Top links
- Sudoku
- Collectibles
جمهورية جيبوتي
Jumhuriyaa Jibuti
République de Djibouti
Flag of Djibouti Image:Djibouti coa.png
( In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: —
Location of Djibouti
Official languages Arabic, French
Capital Djibouti
President Ismail Omar Guelleh
Prime Minister Dileita Mohamed Dileita
- Total
- % water
Ranked 147th
23,000 km²
- Total ( 2000)
- Density
Ranked 161st
Independence June 27, 1977
Currency Franc ( DJF)
Time zone UTC+4
National anthem Flag song
Internet TLD .dj
Calling Code 253
The Republic of Djibouti ( Arabic: : جيبوتي, Ǧībūtī) is a country in eastern Africa, located in the Horn of Africa. Djibouti is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. On the other side of the Red Sea, on the Arabian Peninsula, 20 km from the coast of Djibouti, is Yemen.

Jump to Page Contents

Pay as you go
No monthly charges. Access for the price of a phone call Go>


Flat rate dialup access from only 4.99 a month Go>

Surf faster from just 13.99 a month Go>

Save Even More
Combine your phone and internet, and save on your phone calls
More Info>

This weeks hot offer
24: Series 5 24: Series 5

In association with 26.97



History - Contents

The area of Djibouti has been occupied by several tribes, currently the Afar and the Somali Issa. These tribes had regular trade contacts with the Arabs, and adopted Islam as their religion.In the 19th century, France established a protectorate in the area, named French Somaliland, governed by Léonce Lagarde. In 1967, the name was changed to the French Territory of the Afars and the Issas. On June 27, 1977, the country was granted independence as Djibouti.A civil war led by Afar rebels in the early 1990s was stopped by a peace accord in 1994.

Politics - Contents

Ismail Omar Guelleh was in 2005 sworn in for a second and final six-year term as president of the tiny Horn of Africa nation, the official news agency, Agence Djiboutienne d'Information (ADI), reported. Guelleh won 100 percent of the votes cast in a one-man race on 8 April. According to ADI, 78.9 percent of approximately 197,000 registered voters cast their ballots - at 200 voting booths - across the country. Opposition parties boycotted, describing the poll as "ridiculous, rigged and rubbish". Present at the swearing in ceremony were several regional leaders.Djibouti's second president, Guelleh was first elected to office in 1999, taking over from his uncle, Hassan Gouled Aptidon, who had ruled the country since its independence from France in 1977. The head of state of Djibouti is the president, who is elected for a term of six years. The president appoints a prime-minister, and heads the council of ministers.The legislative body is formed by the Chambre des Deputes, which consists of 65 members which are elected every five years.

Subdivisions - Contents

Map of the Regions of Djibouti.
Djibouti is divided into five regions and one city.
  • Ali Sabieh Region (Region d'Ali Sabieh)
  • Arta Region (Region d'Arta)
  • Dikhil Region (Region de Dikhil)
  • Djibouti (city) (Ville de Djibouti)
  • Obock Region (Region d'Obock)
  • Tadjourah Region (Region de Tadjourah)

Economy - Contents

The economy of Djibouti is based on service activities connected with the country's strategic location and status as a free trade zone in northeast Africa. Two-thirds of the inhabitants live in the capital city, the remainder being mostly nomadic herders. Scant rainfall limits crop production to fruits and vegetables, and most food must be imported.Djibouti provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. It has few natural resources and little industry. The nation is, therefore, heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. An unemployment rate of 40% to 50% continues to be a major problem. Inflation is not a concern, however, because of the fixed tie of the franc to the US dollar. Per capita consumption dropped an estimated 35% over the last seven years because of recession, civil war, and a high population growth rate (including immigrants and refugees). Also, renewed fighting between Ethiopia and Eritrea has disturbed normal external channels of commerce. Faced with a multitude of economic difficulties, the government has fallen into arrears on long-term external debt and has been struggling to meet the stipulations of foreign aid donors.
Typical street in the city of Djibouti, Djibouti, Africa.  Winter, 2005.
Typical street in the city of Djibouti, Djibouti, Africa. Winter, 2005.

Demographics - Contents

The population is divided into two main groups, the Issa, or Somali people, who make up about 60%, and the Afar, about 35%. The remainder is formed by Europeans (mostly French and Italians), Arabs and Ethiopians. The presence of two different population groups was the cause of the civil war in the early 1990s.The Somali ethnic component in Djibouti is mainly composed of the Issas, who form the majority and rule the nation, and the Gadabuursi and Isaaq, all of whom are closely related as Dir subclans. The Issas form part of the Madoobe Dir, while the Gadabuursi and Isaaq are part of the Mahe Dir, Mohammed Hiniftire. Other Somalis in Djibouti include Issas from the Ethiopian Somali Region and from northern Somalia.Almost all of the people of Djibouti are Muslim, only a small percentage are Christian, notably the Europeans.Although French and Arabic are the official languages, Somali and Afar are widely spoken.
Change Text Size:
[A] [default] [A]

go back print page email to a friend make us your home page

about | terms of use | contact us
© 2022