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The Republic of Cape Verde or Cape Verde ( Portuguese: Cabo Verde, pron. IPA /'ka.bu 'veɾ.d(ɨ)/) is a republic located on an archipelago in the Macaronesia ecoregion of the North Atlantic Ocean, off the western coast of Africa. The previously-uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the 15th century; they subsequently became a trading centre for African slaves. Most Cape Verdeans descend from both groups."Cape Verde" is named for Cap-Vert, now in Senegal, the westernmost point of Africa.
República de Cabo Verde
Image:Cape verde coa.png
Flag Coat of arms
National motto: Unity, Work, Progress
image:LocationCapeVerde.png
Official language Portuguese (official) and nine Portuguese Creoles
Capital and Largest City Praia
President Pedro Pires
Prime Minister José Maria Neves
Area
- Total
- % water
Ranked 165th
4,033 km²
Negligible
Population
- Total (2001)
- Density
Ranked 164th
401,343
101/km²
GDP (PPP)
- Total
- GDP/head

600 millions $
1,400 $
HDI ( 2003) 0.721 ( 105th) – medium
Currency Cape Verdean escudo ( CVE)
Time zone UTC -1
Independence
- Recognized
(from Portugal)
July 5, 1975
National anthem Cântico da Liberdade
Internet TLD .cv
Calling Code 238


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Contents

History
Politics
Geography
Municipalities
Economy
Demographics
Culture
Language
Newspapers



History - Contents

Cape Verde was uninhabited when the Portuguese arrived in 1456, and the islands were thus made part of the Portuguese empire. Due to its location off the coast of Africa, Cape Verde became an important port, and was a major center of the slave trade.In 1975, the islands achieved independence, partially due to the efforts of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde ( PAIGC). After independence, the PAIGC attempted to unite Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau into one nation, the PAIGC controlling both governments, but a coup in the latter nation in 1980 ended these plans. In Cape Verde itself the PAICV (affiliated with the PAIGC) governed until elections were held in 1991 that resulted in a change of government. The PAICV was re-elected in 2001.External Links:
  • CABO VERDE CHRONOLOGICAL REFERENCES



Politics - Contents

Amílcar Cabral
Amílcar Cabral
The government of Cape Verde is based on a Constitution that was established in 1980. Elections are held for both the Prime Minister and President, who both govern for 5-year terms. Members of the General Assembly are elected as well, and they appoint the Supreme Court along with the President and Prime Minister.See also: President of Cape Verde, National symbols



Geography - Contents

Cape Verde is an archipelago off the coast of Africa at 15.02N, 23.34W. It is formed by 10 main islands and about 8 islets. The main islands are:
  • Barlaventos (northern island group)
    • Santo Antão
    • São Vicente
    • Santa Luzia
    • São Nicolau
    • Sal
    • Boa Vista
  • Sotaventos (southern island group)
    • Maio
    • Santiago
    • Fogo
    • Brava
Of these, only Santa Luzia and the five islets are uninhabited. Presently it is a Natural Reserve. All islands are volcanic, but an active volcano exists on one of the islands, Fogo. See Mount Fogo.The islets are Branco, Razo.


Municipalities - Contents

An aerial view of Cape Verde
An aerial view of Cape Verde
Cidade Velha.
Cidade Velha.
Porto Grande - the harbour of Mindelo, Sao Vicente Island
Porto Grande - the harbour of Mindelo, Sao Vicente Island
An aerial view of the capital Praia
An aerial view of the capital Praia
Cape Verde is divided into 22 municipalities (municípios, singular - município):
  • Santo Antão island:
    • Paúl
    • Porto Novo
    • Ribeira Grande
  • São Vicente island:
    • São Vicente
  • Santa Luzia island (included in S. Vicente concelho)
  • São Nicolau island:
    • São Nicolau
    • Tarrafal de Sao Nicolau
  • Sal island:
    • Sal
  • Boa Vista island:
    • Boa Vista
  • Maio island:
    • Maio
  • Santiago island:
    • Praia
    • Ribeira Grande de Santiago
    • Santa Catarina
    • Santa Cruz
    • São Domingos
    • Sao Lourenco dos Orgaos
    • São Miguel
    • Sao Salvador do Mundo
    • Tarrafal
  • Fogo island:
    • São Filipe
    • Mosteiros
    • Santa Catarina do Fogo
  • Brava island:
    • Brava



Economy - Contents

fishermen in Cape Verde
fishermen in Cape Verde
sea salt mine in Cape Verde
sea salt mine in Cape Verde
Santo Antão, Cape Verde
Santo Antão, Cape Verde
Sao Vicente, Cape Verde
Sao Vicente, Cape Verde
Assomada.S.Catarina.
Assomada.S.Catarina.
Cape Verde is a small nation that lacks resources and has experienced severe droughts as well as water shortages. Agriculture is somewhat stymied by lack of rain, and is restricted to only four islands for most of the year. Most of the nation's GDP is from the services industry. Cape Verde's economy has largely grown since the late 1990s, and it is now considered a country of average human development. Cape Verde has significant cooperation with Portugal at every level of the economy, leading it to establish its currency, first as the Portuguese escudo, then as the euro since 1999.Former Portuguese prime minister José Manuel Durão Barroso, now (second semester 2004) president of the European Commission, has promised to help integrate Cape Verde within the European Union sphere of influence via greater cooperation with Portugal. In March 2005, former Portuguese president Mário Soares launched a petition urging the European Union to start membership talks with Cape Verde.


Demographics - Contents

Most inhabitants of Cape Verde are descendants of the white Portuguese settlers and black African slaves. More Cape Verdeans live abroad than in Cape Verde, with significant emigrant Cape Verdean communities in the United States (264,900 Cape Verdians), Portugal (80,000) and Angola (45,000). There are also significant number of Cape Verdeans in São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, France, Brazil and the Netherlands.


Culture - Contents

The culture of Cape Verde reflects its mixed Portuguese and African roots. It is well known for its diverse forms of music such as Morna (the Capeverdian Fado) and the urban Cape Verdian kizomba, and a wide variety of dances: the soft dance Morna, the Funana - a sensual mixed Portuguese and African dance, the extreme sensuality of coladeira (literally "glued"), and the African Batuque dance. These are reflective of the diverse origins of Cape Verde's residents. Indigenously, the term "Cabo" is used to refer to residents as well as the culture of Cape Verde.
  • See also: List of writers from Cape Verde
  • See also: List of painters from Cape Verde

Capeverdean Literature

Capeverdean literature is one of the richest of Lusitanian Africa.
  • Poets: Frusoni Sergio, Tavares Eugénio, B.Léza, João Cleofas Martins, Luís Romano de Madeira Melo, Ovídio Martins, Barbosa Jorge, Fortes Corsino António, Baltasar Lopes (Osvaldo Alcântara), João Vário, Oswaldo Osório, Arménio Vieira, Vadinho Velhinho, José Luís Tavares, etc.
  • Authors: Manuel Lopes - Movimento Claridade, Almeida Germano, Luís Romano de Madeira Melo, Germano de Almeida, Orlanda Amarilis, Jorge Vera Cruz Barbosa, Pedro Cardoso, Mário José Domingues, Daniel Filipe, Mário Alberto Fonseca de Almeida, Corsino António Fortes, Arnaldo Carlos de Vasconcelos França, António Aurélio Gonçalves, Aguinaldo Brito Fonseca, Ovídio de Sousa Martins , Osvaldo Osório, Dulce Almada Duarte, Manuel Veiga
  • Poems in Portuguese: Capeverdean Poems, Poesia
  • Capeverdean Literature
  • Sopinha de Alfabeto
  • Famous tales: Ti Lobo and Chibinho
postcard from Sao Vicente
postcard from Sao Vicente



Music
  • Compositor: Manuel de Novas, Vasco Martins, Jorge Monteiro (Jotamonte), Frank Cavaquim (Francisco Vicente Gomes)
  • Artist: Antoninho Travadinha, Bana, Bau, Gé Mendes, Bulimundo, Celina Pereira, Cesária Évora, Cordas do Sol, Fantcha, , Jorge Humberto, Ildo Lobo, Luís Morais, Lura, Maria-Alice, Orlando Pantera, Os Tubarões, Paulino Vieira, Simentera, Tchéka, Teofilo Chantre, Titina, Tito Paris,



Language - Contents

Portuguese is Cape Verde's official language, and the language of instruction in official schools. However, the Capeverdean Crioulo languages are also widely spoken. These are a range of Portuguese-based creole languages, which vary considerably from island to island.There is a substantial body of literature in these languages, especially in the Crioulo of Santiago (bádiu) and the Crioulo of São Vicente (criol di de Soncente). The Crioulo languages have been gaining prestige since the nation's independence from Portugal, and there is a movement to make the variant of Santiago the official language of the country.However, the substantial differences between the languages spoken in different islands, each with its traditional spelling system, has been a major obstacle in the way of this move. Some people have advocated the development of two unformized official languages: a North (Barlavento) standard, centered on the Crioulo of San Vicente, and a South (Sotavento) standard, centered on that of Santiago.


Newspapers - Contents

Newspapers:
A SEMANA Nº 495, 2001/03/02.
A SEMANA Nº 495, 2001/03/02.
  • A Semana (Praia,1991-)
  • Expresso das Ilhas
  • Jornal O Cidadao (São Vicente)
  • Jornal Horizonte (Praia, 1988-)
  • Terra Nova (S.Vicente, 1975-)
  • Artiletra (S.Vicente, 1991-)
Newspapers Online:
  • VozDiPovo-Online :: A Voz + Jovem de Cabo Verde
  • A Semana
  • Infopress
  • O Cidadao
  • Paralelo 14
  • Visão News
  • O Liberal
  • Expresso da Ilhas]
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