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Demographics of Cape Verde, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
Demographics of Cape Verde, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
The Cape Verde archipelago was uninhabited until the Portuguese discovered it in 1456. African slaves were brought to the islands to work on Portuguese plantations. As a result, Cape Verdeans have mixed African and European origins. Vestiges of African culture are most pronounced on the island of Santiago, where 50% of the people live. Survival in a country with few natural resources historically has induced Cape Verdeans to emigrate. In fact, of the more than 1 million people of Cape Verdean ancestry in the world, only a little more than one-third actually live on the islands. Some 500,000 people of Cape Verdean ancestry live in the United States, mainly in New England. Portugal, the Netherlands, Italy, France, and Senegal also have large communities.Although the official language is Portuguese, most Cape Verdeans speak a creole language ( Crioulo, Kriolu, Criol) derived from archaic Portuguese, African, and other European languages. There is a rich repertoire of literature and songs in Crioulo.

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Contents

Demographic data from the CIA World Factbook



Demographic data from the CIA World Factbook - Contents



Population
418,224 (July 2005 est.)


Age structure
0-14 years: 39% (male 82,249/female 80,752)
15-64 years: 54.3% (male 110,119/female 116,816)
65 years and over: 6.8% (male 10,599/female 17,689) (2005 est.)


Median age
Total: 19.4 years
Male: 18.62 years
Female: 20.25 years (2005 est.)


Population growth rate
0.67% (2005 est.)


Birth rate
25.33 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)


Death rate
6.62 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)


Net migration rate
-11.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)


Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2005 est.)


Infant mortality rate
Total: 47.77 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 52.95 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 42.44 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)


Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 70.45 years
Male: 67.13 years
Female: 73.86 years (2005 est.)


Total fertility rate
3.48 children born/woman (2005 est.)


HIV/AIDS
Adult prevalence rate: 0.035% (2001 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 775 (2001)
Deaths: 225 (as of 2001)


Nationality
Noun: Cape Verdean(s)
Adjective: Cape Verdean


Ethnic groups
Creole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%


Religions
Roman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs); Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene)


Languages
Portuguese, Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese and West African words)


Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 76.6%
Male: 85.8%
Female: 69.2% (2003 est.)
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